How to Install BookStack on Fedora 28

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BookStack is a simple, self-hosted platform for organizing and storing information. BookStack is entirely free and open-sourced, as well as MIT licensed. The source is available on GitHub. In this tutorial, we will install BookStack on a fresh Fedora 28 Vultr instance.

Requirements

  • PHP Version 7.0.0 or greater and the following extensions:
    • OpenSSL
    • PDO
    • MBstring
    • Tokenizer
    • GD
    • MySQLND
    • Tidy
    • SimpleXML
    • DOM
  • MariaDB
  • Git (Not strictly required, but helps manage updates)
  • Composer

Before you begin

Check the Fedora version.

cat /etc/fedora-release# Fedora release 28 (Twenty Eight)

Create a new non-root user account with sudo access and switch to it.

useradd -c "John Doe" johndoe && passwd johndoeusermod -aG wheel johndoesu - johndoe

NOTE: Replace johndoe with your username.

Set up the timezone.

timedatectl list-timezonessudo timedatectl set-timezone 'Region/City'

Ensure that your system is up to date.

sudo dnf check-upgrade || sudo dnf upgrade -y

Install necessary packages.

sudo dnf install -y curl git wget vim unzip bash-completion 

For simplicity, disable SELinux and Firewall.

sudo setenforce 0sudo systemctl stop firewalldsudo systemctl disable firewalld

Install PHP and required PHP extensions

Install PHP and necessary PHP extensions.

sudo dnf install -y php-cli php-fpm php-gd php-json php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-mysqlnd php-xmlrpc php-common php-tidy php-ldap php-mcrypt php-xml php-zip

Check the version.

php -v

Start and enable php-fpm.service.

sudo systemctl start php-fpm.servicesudo systemctl enable php-fpm.service

Install MariaDB

Install MariaDB.

sudo dnf install -y mariadb-server

Check the version.

mysql --version

Start and enable MariaDB.

sudo systemctl start mariadb.servicesudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

Run the mysql_secure installation script to improve MariaDB security and to set the root user password.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Connect to the MariaDB shell as the root user.

mysql -u root -p# Enter password:

Create an empty MariaDB database and user for BookStack, and remember the credentials.

CREATE DATABASE dbname;GRANT ALL ON dbname.* TO 'username' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';FLUSH PRIVILEGES;EXIT

Install Nginx

Install Nginx.

sudo dnf install -y nginx

Check the version.

sudo nginx -v

Start and enable Nginx.

sudo systemctl start nginx.servicesudo systemctl enable nginx.service

Configure Nginx for BookStack. Run sudo vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/bookstack.conf and add the following configuration.

server {  listen 80;  listen [::]:80;  server_name example.com;  root /var/www/bookstack/public;  index index.php index.html;  location / {    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;  }  location ~ /.php$ {    fastcgi_index index.php;    try_files $uri =404;    include fastcgi_params;    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/www.sock;  }}

Test the configuration.

sudo nginx -t

Reload Nginx.

sudo systemctl reload nginx.service

Install Composer

Install Composer.

php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');"php -r "if (hash_file('SHA384', 'composer-setup.php') === '544e09ee996cdf60ece3804abc52599c22b1f40f4323403c44d44fdfdd586475ca9813a858088ffbc1f233e9b180f061') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;"php composer-setup.phpphp -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');"sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Check the version.

composer --version

Install BookStack

Create a document root folder.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/bookstack

Change ownership of the /var/www/bookstack directory to johndoe.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /var/www/bookstack

Clone the release branch of the BookStack GitHub repository into the document root folder.

cd /var/www/bookstackgit clone https://github.com/BookStackApp/BookStack.git --branch release --single-branch .

Run composer install from the /var/www/bookstack directory.

composer install

Copy the .env.example file to .env and fill it with your own database and mail details.

cp .env.example .env

Ensure that the storage, bootstrap/cache and public/uploads folders are writable by the web server.

In the application root, run php artisan key:generate to generate a unique application key.

Run php artisan migrate to update the database.

Change ownership of the /var/www/bookstack directory to nginx.

sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/bookstack

Run sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf and set the user and group to nginx. Initially, it will be set to apache.

sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf# user = nginx# group = nginx

Restart the php-fpm service.

sudo systemctl restart php-fpm.service

You can now login using the default admin details admin@admin.com with a password of password. It is recommended to change these details directly after first logging in.

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