How to Install Neos CMS on FreeBSD 12

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Neos is a Content Application Platform with a CMS and an application framework at its core. This guide will show you how to install Neos CMS on a fresh FreeBSD 12 server.

Requirements

  • Nginx
  • MySQL version 5.7.7 or greater, MariaDB version 10.2.2 or greater, or PostgreSQL version 9.4 or greater
  • PHP version 7.1.0 or greater with the following modules:
    • mbstring
    • tokenizer
    • pdo_mysql

Before you begin

Check the FreeBSD version.

uname -ro# FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE

Ensure that your FreeBSD system is up to date.

freebsd-update fetch installpkg update && pkg upgrade -y

Install the necessary packages.

pkg install -y sudo vim unzip curl wget bash socat git

Create a new user account with your preferred username (we will use johndoe).

adduser# Username: johndoe# Full name: John Doe# Uid (Leave empty for default): # Login group [johndoe]: # Login group is johndoe. Invite johndoe into other groups? []: wheel# Login class [default]: # Shell (sh csh tcsh nologin) [sh]: bash# Home directory [/home/johndoe]: # Home directory permissions (Leave empty for default): # Use password-based authentication? [yes]: # Use an empty password? (yes/no) [no]: # Use a random password? (yes/no) [no]: # Enter password: your_secure_password# Enter password again: your_secure_password# Lock out the account after creation? [no]: # OK? (yes/no): yes# Add another user? (yes/no): no# Goodbye!

Run the visudo command and uncomment the %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL line, to allow members of the wheel group to execute any command.

visudo# Uncomment by removing hash (#) sign# %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL

Now, switch to your newly created user with su.

su - johndoe

NOTE: Replace johndoe with your username.

Set up the timezone.

sudo tzsetup

Install PHP

Install PHP, as well as the necessary PHP extensions.

sudo pkg install -y php72 php72-mbstring php72-tokenizer php72-pdo php72-pdo_mysql php72-openssl php72-hash php72-json php72-phar php72-filter php72-zlib php72-dom php72-xml php72-xmlwriter php72-xmlreader php72-pecl-imagick php72-curl php72-session php72-ctype php72-iconv php72-gd php72-simplexml php72-zip php72-filter php72-tokenizer php72-calendar php72-fileinfo php72-intl php72-mysqli php72-phar

Check the version.

php --version# PHP 7.2.17 (cli) (built: Apr 13 2019 01:13:32) ( NTS )# Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group# Zend Engine v3.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies

Soft-link php.ini-production to php.ini.

sudo ln -s /usr/local/etc/php.ini-production /usr/local/etc/php.ini

Enable and start PHP-FPM.

sudo sysrc php_fpm_enable=yessudo service php-fpm start

Install MariaDB and set up the database

Install MariaDB.

sudo pkg install -y mariadb102-client mariadb102-server

Check the version.

mysql --version# mysql  Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.2.22-MariaDB, for FreeBSD12.0 (amd64) using readline 5.1

Start and enable MariaDB.

sudo sysrc mysql_enable="yes" sudo service mysql-server start

Run the mysql_secure_installation script to improve the security of your installation.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Log into MariaDB as the root user.

mysql -u root -p# Enter password:

Create a new database and user. Remember the credentials for this new user.

CREATE DATABASE dbname CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci;GRANT ALL ON dbname.* TO 'username' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';FLUSH PRIVILEGES;exit;

Install and configure Nginx

Install Nginx.

sudo pkg install -y nginx

Check the version.

nginx -v# nginx version: nginx/1.14.2

Enable and start Nginx.

sudo sysrc nginx_enable=yessudo service nginx start

Run sudo vim /usr/local/etc/nginx/neos.conf and set up Nginx for Neos CMS.

server {  listen 80;  listen [::]:80;  server_name example.com;  root /usr/local/www/neos/Web;  index index.php;  location / {    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;  }  location ~ /.php$ {    try_files $uri =404;    include fastcgi_params;    fastcgi_index index.php;    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;    fastcgi_param FLOW_CONTEXT Production;    fastcgi_param FLOW_REWRITEURLS 1;  }}

Save the file and exit with :+W+Q.

Now we need to include neos.conf in the main nginx.conf file.

Run sudo vim /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf and add the following line to the http {} block.

include neos.conf;

Test our Nginx configuration changes.

sudo nginx -t

Reload Nginx.

sudo service nginx reload

Install Composer

Install Composer globally by running the following script in your terminal.

php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');"php -r "if (hash_file('SHA384', 'composer-setup.php') === '48e3236262b34d30969dca3c37281b3b4bbe3221bda826ac6a9a62d6444cdb0dcd0615698a5cbe587c3f0fe57a54d8f5') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;"php composer-setup.phpphp -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');"sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

NOTE: In the command block listed above, the hash will change with every version of the installer. Visit Composer’s download page for the latest installation commands.

Check the version.

composer --version# Composer version 1.8.5 2019-04-09 17:46:47

Install Neos CMS using Composer

Create a document root directory.

sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/www/neos

Change ownership of the /usr/local/www/neos directory to johndoe.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /usr/local/www/neos

Go to your document root directory.

cd /usr/local/www/neos

Install Neos CMS and all of its dependencies.

composer create-project --no-dev neos/neos-base-distribution .

Change ownership of the /usr/local/www/neos directory to www.

sudo chown -R www:www /usr/local/www/neos

Restart PHP-FPM.

sudo service php-fpm restart

Go to http://example.com/setup and follow the on-screen instructions.

You will get a confirmation that the setup has been completed, and that you can enter the front-end or back-end of your Neos website. To access Neos admin, append /neos to your website URL.

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