How to Install Bludit CMS on FreeBSD 12

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Bludit is a simple, fast and flexible blogging CMS written in PHP. Bludit uses files in JSON format to store content, so you don’t need to install or configure a database. Bludit source code is hosted on Github. This guide will show you how to install Bludit CMS on a fresh FreeBSD 12 Vultr server instance.


  • PHP version 5.3 or greater with the following extensions:
    • mbstring
    • gd
    • dom
    • json
  • A web server with PHP support like Nginx, Apache, Lighttpd or H2O. This guide will use Nginx.

Before you begin

Check the FreeBSD version.

uname -ro# FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE

Ensure that your FreeBSD system is up to date.

freebsd-update fetch installpkg update && pkg upgrade -y

Install sudo, vim, unzip, wget, bash, socat and git packages if they are not present on your system.

pkg install -y sudo vim unzip wget bash socat git

Create a new user account with your preferred username (we will use johndoe).

adduser# Username: johndoe# Full name: John Doe# Uid (Leave empty for default): <Enter># Login group [johndoe]: <Enter># Login group is johndoe. Invite johndoe into other groups? []: wheel# Login class [default]: <Enter># Shell (sh csh tcsh nologin) [sh]: bash# Home directory [/home/johndoe]: <Enter># Home directory permissions (Leave empty for default): <Enter># Use password-based authentication? [yes]: <Enter># Use an empty password? (yes/no) [no]: <Enter># Use a random password? (yes/no) [no]: <Enter># Enter password: your_secure_password# Enter password again: your_secure_password# Lock out the account after creation? [no]: <Enter># OK? (yes/no): yes# Add another user? (yes/no): no# Goodbye!

Run the visudo command and uncomment the %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL line to allow members of the wheel group to execute any command.

visudo# Uncomment by removing hash (#) sign# %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL

Now, switch to your newly created user with su command.

su - johndoe

NOTE: Replace johndoe with your username.

Set up the timezone.

sudo tzsetup

Install PHP

Install PHP, as well as the necessary PHP extensions.

sudo pkg install -y php72 php72-ctype php72-curl php72-dom php72-hash php72-iconv php72-gd php72-json php72-mbstring php72-openssl php72-session php72-simplexml php72-xml php72-zip php72-zlib php72-filter php72-ftp php72-tokenizer php72-calendar php72-fileinfo

Check the version.

php --version# PHP 7.2.14 (cli) (built: Jan 15 2019 01:14:39) ( NTS )# Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group# Zend Engine v3.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies#     with Zend OPcache v7.2.14, Copyright (c) 1999-2018, by Zend Technologies

Soft-link php.ini-production to php.ini.

sudo ln -s /usr/local/etc/php.ini-production /usr/local/etc/php.ini

Enable and start PHP-FPM.

sudo sysrc php_fpm_enable=yessudo service php-fpm start

Install Nginx

Install Nginx.

sudo pkg install -y nginx

Check the version.

nginx -v# nginx version: nginx/1.14.2

Enable and start Nginx.

sudo sysrc nginx_enable=yessudo service nginx start

Run sudo vim /usr/local/etc/nginx/bludit.conf and configure Nginx for Bludit.

server {  listen 80;  server_name;  root /usr/local/www/bludit;  index index.php;  location ~ /.php$ {    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+/.php)(/.+)$;    try_files $fastcgi_script_name =404;    set $path_info $fastcgi_path_info;    fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $path_info;    fastcgi_index index.php;    include fastcgi_params;    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;    fastcgi_pass;  }  location / {    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;  }  location ^~ /bl-content/tmp/ { deny all; }   location ^~ /bl-content/pages/ { deny all; }   location ^~ /bl-content/databases/ { deny all; } }

Save the file and exit with :+W+Q.

Now we need to include the bludit.conf file in the main nginx.conf file.

Run sudo vim /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf and add the following line to the http {} block.

include bludit.conf;

Test Nginx configuration.

sudo nginx -t

Reload Nginx.

sudo service nginx reload

Install Bludit

Create a document root directory.

sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/www/bludit

Change ownership of the /usr/local/www/bludit directory to johndoe.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /usr/local/www/bludit

Download the latest version from the official page and extract the zip file.

cd /usr/local/www/bluditwget bludit-3-7-1.ziprm mv bludit-3-7-1/* . && mv bludit-3-7-1/.* .rmdir bludit-3-7-1

Change ownership of the /usr/local/www/bludit directory to www.

sudo chown -R www:www /usr/local/www/bludit

Open your site in a web browser. The Bludit installer page will appear.

Follow the Bludit installer to configure your website. To access the Bludit admin area, append /admin to your site IP or URL.

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